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InHunt World is a Global Headhunting Network that is currently active in 44 countries. We are going to go through these countries one by one, usually interviewing the Country Manager or the CEO of the country in question.

The size of the Belarusian labour force was 70.7% of the working-age population (aged 15–74) in 2019, with higher activity rates among men (75.5%) than women (66.3%).
Self-employment amounted to only 4.3% of total employment. Limited data are available on the percentage of informal employment in the country, but experts estimated in 2016 that this rate should not exceed 8%3.

The ETF estimated that only 3.4% of employed persons were active in vulnerable work in 2019, which is low compared to the other EaP countries. The employment rate for people with VET education was 75% in 2017 and reached 81% for those with higher education.
The highest employment and activity rates are among those with higher levels of education, which is likely due to the state-led Belarusian distribution system.
This system ensures that all graduates (who wish to participate) from specialised secondary, higher education, and vocational education and training (VET) institutions are employed in public or state-owned companies.

Unemployment rates for the population aged 15–74 have remained low and stable over the past 10 years, reaching 4.2% in 2019. In contrast to the situation in other EaP countries, female unemployment (3.2%) was lower than male unemployment (5.1%). In 2019, 6.9% of young people were classified as NEETs (Not in Education, Employment or Training), which is lower than in other EaP countries.

Despite the state-led job distribution system within employment services, 49% of young people use their personal connections to find employment, meaning that informal networks are
the most common way for young people to find jobs in Belarus, followed by online sources.

Reliance on public employment services (PES) for finding employment is low because in Belarus PES only publish vacancy information from the public sector. The service sector accounts for more than half of all employment (61.2%). The industry sector covers 30.1% of employment, and agriculture provides only 8.7% of all employment. The IT, transport and logistics sectors seem to be the fastest-growing in the Belarusian economy. Labour regulations have become more flexible and recent amendments to the Labour Code allow new forms of work to develop. ( source )

Headhunting and Recruitment Market in Belarus.

A government program on the labour market and employment promotion in 2021-2025 has been approved by the Council of Ministers’ resolution No.777 of 30 December 2020, the press service of the Belarusian government told BelTA.

The key tasks for the period till 2025 include the stimulation of the economic activity of the population, efforts to encourage idle Belarusians to work, efforts to ensure the balance of supply and demand on the labour market, and the improvement of working conditions and occupational health and safety.

Nearly Br221.7 million will be spent on implementing the government program.

The unemployment rate is expected not to exceed 4.2% by 2025. The number of people working in harmful or hazardous working conditions is supposed to be reduced by at least 8% in comparison with 2020.

Unemployed Belarusians will continue enjoying support aimed at encouraging them to start their own business, explore handcraft business opportunities and farm tourism ones. Career fairs will be arranged, including digital ones.

Plans have been made to create an information system for labour market forecasts as well as a universal integrated digital platform of the national qualifications system.

A pilot project will be implemented to test independent evaluation and certification of qualifications in the social services sector and the civil engineering sector.

Experts expect the available workforce will be further redistributed between branches of the economy in 2021-2025. The number of people working in the manufacturing sector and in agriculture is expected to go down.

The trends are attributed to the modernization of manufacturing processes and the introduction of resource-saving technologies, growing labour productivity, and efforts to reduce the superfluous workforce. The number of agricultural workers will be reduced faster due to the decreasing availability of able-bodied citizens in rural areas.

Similar dynamics will be observed with regard to the number of working Belarusians. It is attributed to the falling number of employable-age Belarusians and the completion of the process launched in 2017 to gradually raise the retirement age. ( source )

Next, we are going to interview the CEO of KIAT Igor Kochetov. Igor has been successfully leading KIAT for more than 19 years. We have the pleasure to interview him today regarding the situation of the Labour Market in Belarus.

How are you today Igor? How are you and how was the summer?

This summer was “hot”, there was quite a lot of work and many requests (in comparison with last summer).

How would you comment on the first half of 2021?

The first half of 2021 was intense and productive: had successful cases with international and Belarusian companies.

How do you see the second part of 2021? And what about 2022?

We’ve noticed a slight (insignificant) decline in market activity. We assume that 2022 will be moderate with the work load in Belarus and at the same time hope for a surge in recruitment projects in the second half of 2022.

What are the industries that are hiring the most?

The structure of our positions: 65- 70% – IT (incredible rise on the market + reputation of Belarusian specialists); 10% sale; 20%: finance and back office (the most common ones and always changing).

What are the roles that companies are needing the most?

In short: IT specialists (developers) around 60%; Sales Managers or Executives about 20-30%; Accounting, Production (Engineers) and Management.

What about the candidate market?

The candidate market, in our opinion, leaves much to be desired, some top specialists moved to other countries due to recent events and many prefer to keep the current job and don’t tend to be risky.

Another contributing negative factor is a poor command of English among many local applicants.

Thank you for your time Igor!

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